What is msdtc.exe Process, Uses, Safe, or Virus?

Msdtc.exe is a component of the Windows operating system and it stands for Microsoft Distributed Transaction Console. The transaction process is typically undertaken with COM and .NET architectures, and it is generally used for transactions between more than one machine.

The full form of MSDTC is Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator that is developed for the Windows Operating System.

File Size & Location

This Msdtc.exe application located under the C:\Windows\System32 directory and the file size is about 145 KB in Windows 10, however, the size might goes-up and down based on the file version or system.

msdtc.exe process

Quick Overview

Filename: msdtc.exe
File description: Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator Service
File version: 2001.12.8530.16385
File Size: 140 KB
Product name: Microsoft@Windows@Operating System
File type: Application
Copyright: Microsoft Corporation
Language: English

What’re the Uses of Msdtc.exe?

This tool is required to run a Microsoft SQL Server or the Microsoft Personal Web Server on a local or server computer. That means, if you are developing a website or designing a Database then this tool is required.  The SQL server is more like Xampp that allows running a server on a local PC for development of a website.

Is Msdtc.exe safe or a Virus?

Wondering whether Msdtc.exe is a virus or safe? Well, the genuine Msdtc.exe process is a safe file that is known as the Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator Service. To know whether Msdtc is safe or not, first check its file location. If it is located under C:\Windows\System32 folder then it’s safe. Another method to check is to follow the below steps:

1) Right-click on Msdtc.exe

2) Choose on Properties and click on the Details tab

3) Check whether the File description is mentioned as “Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator Service.

4) If it’s mentioned there then it’s not a virus.

msdtc.exe process properties

How Does a Distributed Transaction Work?

Distributed transactions are conducted in two stages; first, the intent to commit a transaction must be acknowledged, and second, after all, resources approve, they run the final commit.

Managers for distributed transactions are important as the distributed transactions themselves are difficult to implement since they traverse over several databases.

Why Do We Need Distributed Transactions?

They are imperative for updating connected information across multiple databases and are used mostly in services which require constant apprising. They are also important for streaming data.

Msdtc.exe is used by the SQL server as well as other relevant clients and it is responsible for organizing transactions that involve multiple resource managers, such as databases and file system. After performing the required transactions, the program then commits the distributed transaction among the various other pertinent servers. Its ‘transaction protection’ ensures that the affected files or databases which are involved in any complicated processes aren’t completely updated until the processes are completely successful; any failures or delays will not be retained in the system.

The msdtc.exe is used to supply a console program to the application and the file is generally CPU intensive.

This executable is available for versions of Windows and is usually installed by Windows programs that require its services, such as Microsoft SQL Server and Microsoft Personal Web Server. The process is linked with a server on the Internet or a local network. It essentially coordinates the system’s interaction with Microsoft’s Component Object Model (COM) system, which guides the action of the DTC. The basic functionality of COM is to implement substances in a language-neutral way for systems that have been programmed in a different environment. This allows transactions between vastly different machinery.

Other processes:

Tvnserver.exe, BTServer.exe, csrss.exe



Founder and Writer @ WinOSBite. Future plan is to make this platform open to community to resolve and discuss various issues, usage related to Operating System.

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